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The Enriched Proanthocyanidin Extract of Ligaria cuneifolia Shows a Marked Hypocholesterolemic Effect in Rats Fed with Cholesterol-Enriched Diet

[ Vol. 11 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Jose Gonzalvez, Gloria Garcia, Sebastian Galliano, Alicia Dominighini, Leda Urli, Juan Monti, Maria T. Ronco, Daniel Frances, Marcelo Wagner, Cristina Carnovale and Alejandra Luquita*   Pages 47 - 53 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: Ligaria cuneifolia (Lc) (R. et P.) Tiegh. (Loranthaceae) (Argentine mistletoe) is usually used in local folk medicine.

Objective: We studied the effect of treatment with the Lc proanthocyanidin-enriched fraction (PLc) in rats fed with Cho-enriched diet on plasma lipids levels, the hemorheological parameters, and biliary secretion.

Method: Adult male Wistar rats were fed ad libitum with a Cho-enriched diet (Cho (97% purity) 8 g/kg of diet and corn oil 280 g/kg of diet) during 28 days. Then, were separated in six experimental groups (n=5 each one), which were injected ip every 24 h with: 1) saline solution (control group, C) and 2) PLc, 3 mg/100 g body weight (treated group, C+PLc), during 3, 7 and 10 days. Group C presented an increase in plasma levels of Cho and Triglycerides (TG), and also, accumulation of hepatic lipid droplets. Also, cell shape and their corresponding morphological index (MI) were altered too.

Results: The treatment with PLc at 3, 7 and 10 days produces a diminution in the plasma Cho, LDL-Cho and serum TG levels, accompanied by a diminution of the lipid accumulation in the liver. The rates of bile acid output in bile can explain the diminution of plasma Cho, evidencing that some of the enzymes involved in the cholesterol conversion into bile acids could be up regulated by the treatment with PLc, leading to the observed increase bile flow. PLc treatment leads to a diminution of plasma levels of Cho and TG.

Conclusion: Essentially, the treatment with PLc, despite the duration produces a modification in hemorheological parameters approaching the values of the experimental group with standard diet. Plasma levels of Cho, LDL-Cho and TG represent selected markers to evaluate the effect of enriched extract from Ligaria cuneifolia. Further work is necessary to better evaluate the mechanisms by which PLc induces modifications in the lipids metabolism.

Keywords:

Ligaria cuneifolia, proanthocyanidin, cholesterol-enriched diet, hypocholesterolemic marked, biliary secretion, hemorheological properties, hypotriglyceredemic.

Affiliation:

Catedra de Biofisica, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Catedra de Biofisica, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Catedra de Biofisica, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Catedra de Biofisica, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Catedra de Biofisica, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Departamento de Ciencias Fisiologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquimicas y Farmaceuticas, Instituto de Fisiologia Experimental (IFISE)-CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Departamento de Ciencias Fisiologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquimicas y Farmaceuticas, Instituto de Fisiologia Experimental (IFISE)-CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Departamento de Ciencias Fisiologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquimicas y Farmaceuticas, Instituto de Fisiologia Experimental (IFISE)-CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Catedra de Farmacobotanica, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Departamento de Ciencias Fisiologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquimicas y Farmaceuticas, Instituto de Fisiologia Experimental (IFISE)-CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Catedra de Biofisica, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario



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